Ghana formally known as Gold Coast can be found in the Western part of Africa, It shares borders with Togo, Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire and has a land area of 238,533 sq km. In 1957, Ghana became the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence from colonial rule and currently has a population estimated at about 29.6 million (2018). The Akosombo Dam supplies a significant proportion of Ghana’s electricity needs and is responsible for the world’s largest artificial lake by area, Lake Volta. Blessed with the abundance of natural resources, Ghana has large amounts of oil and gas, gold, cocoa, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, silver, salt and limestone. Drawing on aspects of both the UK and US parliamentary system, the Ghanaian constitution which was approved in 1992, establishes a unitary republic, a multiparty democracy and executive presidency.